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Obesity has been defined by The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – the apex health body in America to mean “Weight that is higher than what is considered as a healthy weight for a given height is described as overweight or obese”.


As per statistics from CDC, from 1999–2000 through 2017–2018, the prevalence of obesity in the USA increased from 30.5% to 42.4%, and the prevalence of severe obesity increased from 4.7% to 9.2%.

So, how do you know if you are obese?

Calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI), for which you need the following:

  • Your weight,
  • Your height, and
  • Google or a mobile app (Just 1 out of > 1000s available on android and apple platforms)

Today, BMI is considered as a “gold standard” test for us to assess if anyone is:

  • Underweight,
  • Normal weight, or
  • Overweight, or
  • Obese

Why is obesity so crucial?

Obesity is a significant health risk, especially in youth today.

CDC Studies show the prevalence of obesity in the USA was 40.0% among young adults aged 20 to 39 years, 44.8% among middle-aged adults aged 40 to 59 years, and 42.8% among adults aged 60 and older.

Figure 1. Prevalence of obesity among adults aged 20 and over, by sex and age: the United States, 2017–2018

Obesity makes people prone to health disorders, including but not limited to, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes, cancer, depression, etc. it also affects their mental and physical well-being. Obese people suffer from stigma and enter a vicious circle of a stressful life caused due to such stigma and disrespectful treatment by others.

In fact, obesity in children has become so rampant that the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared it an epidemic and a threat to public health. Children who are obese face humiliation and suffer from emotional distress and psychological problems.

What has caused obesity to become so rampant?

Lifestyle changes, high consumerism, dietary deviations are a few causes that have led to an increase in obesity. Worldwide one can see a huge surge in desk jobs, eating out, less physical activities, more reliance on technology, etc. These have made people not only lethargic but also lead them to the consumption of unhealthy food.

WHO points out that “as incomes rise and populations become more urban, diets high in complex carbohydrates give way to more varied diets with a higher proportion of fats, saturated fats, and sugars. At the same time, large shifts towards less physically demanding work have been observed worldwide. Moves towards less physical activity are also found in the increasing use of automated transport, technology in the home, and more passive leisure pursuits.”




How can you control obesity? What can you do?

Diet and lifestyle changes (including a reduction in intake of saturated fats, increasing consumption of fruits, vegetables, etc), regular exercises, outdoor activities are a few ways to control obesity.

It is essential that one understands how obesity is a disease that needs to be countered on a daily basis. The urge to eat highly fatty food than fruits, or the urge to be a couch potato than to join some outdoor activity are choices one makes on a regular basis! Only when one makes lifestyle changes, can they beat obesity!



Carrying too much weight feels uncomfortable, and it can also damage your health.   It has become clear and evident that over the years weight or obesity is an important health issue. Successful weight management can be a very long-term challenge.

Obesity can result in a variety of significant health issues, together with a heart condition, diabetes, stroke, and a few forms of cancer. Obesity can also affect a person’s self-esteem.


Your first step should be to set a reasonable go if you think there are significant reasons for you to lose weight.  Making minor changes to your daily routine and eating habits and lifestyle changes will be the most important step.

Consult weight-loss experts and seek advice from friends and family to make the process easier. Your healthcare provider can guide you on the amount of weight you need to lose, and it may be much less than you wish to lose to improve your health.

Extra body weight from muscle, bone, and fat is overweight. And having extra body fat is obesity.

Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of overweight and obesity.           

There are many factors that contribute to a person’s weight which include the environment, family history, and genetics, metabolism, and behavior, or habits.

You don’t have to lose hundreds of pounds to enjoy the physical health benefits of weight loss. If you are currently overweight or obese, you will see an improvement to improve your overall health even if you lose a small amount of weight.  Losing weight can mean:

  • Decreased risk of diabetes
  • Lowered blood pressure
  • Improved cholesterol levels
  • Decreased risk of heart disease
  • Decreased risk of certain cancers
  • Decreased joint pain
  • Improved blood sugar levels
  • Decreased risk of stroke
  • Reduced back pain
  • Decreased risk of osteoarthritis
  • Decreased risk of sleep apnea

However, weight loss is not an easy goal to accomplish. When you decide to get on a weight loss journey, you’re going to wonder things such as the best diet for weight loss, healthy food recipes, and experiment on various forms of healthy living to sustain healthy lifestyle habits that last long.

Your doctor can provide more detailed information about the health benefits you can expect from losing weight. Your doctor will also be able to provide a recommendation or referral to a registered dietitian to help lose weight in a healthy way possible.

Diet and exercise are equally important when trying to lose weight. Exercise is often advised for weight loss.

Combining exercise with a healthy diet is a very effective way to lose weight. Exercise is a crucial part of a weight loss journey and can prevent certain diseases and help in increasing metabolism.


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